8 September marks the fourth anniversary of the communal violence in Muzaffarnagar & Shamli districts in Uttar Pradesh. In less than 3 days, over 60 people were killed in the clashes, and tens of thousands of Muslim families from about 140 villages were forced to ﬂee their homes and take shelter in relief camps. Four years later, the survivors of the riots are still trying to rebuild their lives.
Individuals At Risk
Our Individuals at Risk team conducts research and runs campaigns to raise awareness about prisoners who have been tortured, communities who have been forcibly evicted, writers and artists whose expression has been unfairly restricted, and other people whose rights are at imminent risk.
Gender Based Violence
Violence against women and girls in India is widespread. Despite some progressive legislative measures in recent years, brought about due to pressure from women’s rights movements, the media and public campaigns, many women continue to experience discrimination and violence in their everyday lives.
Human Rights Education
The Human Rights Education (HRE) programme aims to create a rights-respecting society in India by promoting the values and principles of human rights in communities.
We do this by engaging with formal education systems – especially those that focus on children and young people – to bring human rights into everyday life. Currently, we work with schools, colleges, students, teachers and educational systems by providing training, activity kits and platforms through which young people can come together to learn and take action on human rights issues important to them.
Business and Human Rights
Adivasis, indigenous communities in India, constitute about 8% of India’s population. They rely on their lands and forests for their livelihoods. Coal mining and other business activities have unlawfully displaced hundreds of Adivasi people in central India. We are standing up for their rights.
Reducing Excessive Pretrial Detention
Around 280,000 Indians are being held in prison awaiting or undergoing trial. Undertrials are among the most vulnerable sections of the prison population – they are prevented from contributing to the preparation of their defense, face the risk of physical and psychological abuse and even torture, and often suffer from health problems caused by overcrowding.
Justice for Muzaffarnagar & Shamli Riot Survivors
In 2016-2017, Amnesty International India and Afkar India Foundation met nearly 200 families from the two districts. Even as they wait for the compensation promised to them by the UP government a month after the riots in October 2013, they continue to live in resettlement colonies that lack basic facilities. These colonies often do not have access to safe drinking water, electricity connections or toilets.
Four years later, the survivors of the riots are still trying to rebuild their lives.
Transgender Rights are Human Rights
Last August, the central government introduced a highly flawed bill on transgender rights in the Parliament. Therefore, the bill was referred to a Parliamentary Standing Committee (PSC), which invited suggestions from the public and civil society organisations. Amnesty International India made a detailed submission to the PSC on the Bill on 28 December 2016. On 12 August, Amnesty International India launched a missed call petition to rally support for amendments to be made to the 2016 Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill.
Ready to Report
According to government data, for every one woman who faces sexual violence and reports it to the police, there are 99 that do not. Ready to Report is a campaign to ensure that women who choose to report sexual violence can do so safely and without facing prejudice.
Justice Under Trial
Around 2.8 lakh Indians are being held in prison during their trials or awaiting trial, without having been convicted of a crime. Many have been awaiting trial for years, some for a longer period than their maximum formal sentence. These prisoners who are known as ‘undertrials’ account for two out of three prisoners in India’s prisons – a percentage far higher than other democracies around the world. India has the third highest undertrial population in Asia.