Infographic: Why is the CAA and NRC Problematic?

Amnesty International India
27 January 2020 11:33 am

On 11 December 2019, the controversial Citizenship (Amendment) Act (CAA) was passed by the Indian Parliament. It exclusively grants citizenship to persecuted Hindus, Sikhs, Parsis, Christians, Jains and Buddhists from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

Since its passage, nation-wide protests have emerged against the legislation.

Many, including Amnesty International India, have called the bill discriminatory and unconstitutional.

Media, activists, lawyers and political leaders have attempted to explain the problematic nature of the CAA. They have demonstrated that the legislation will weaponise the National Register of Citizens (NRC) against Muslims.

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However, they have not paid attention to a third accomplice that could make this even more troublesome – the Foreigners Tribunals (FTs).

Foreigners Tribunals are quasi-judicial bodies set up in Assam to determine one’s citizenship. They have the power to strip people who have been excluded from the NRC off their citizenship. Amnesty International India’s report ‘Designed to Exclude’ shows how these tribunals are using arbitrary and discriminatory methods and leaving millions of people stateless.

Here we explain how the three, the CAA, NRC and the FTs together can wreak havoc across the country:


Download and share the infographic in English and Hindi.

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